Sizing Up: The Oil Market vs Top 10 Metal Markets Combined
Govind Bhutada, Visual Capitalist, June 30, 2023
The Size of the Oil Market vs Top 10 Metal Markets
While the global economy relies on many commodities, none come close to the massive scale of the oil market.
Besides being the primary energy source for transportation, oil is a key raw material for numerous other industries like plastics, fertilizers, cosmetics, and medicine. As a result, the global physical oil market is astronomical in size and has a significant economic and geopolitical influence, with a few countries dominating global oil production.
The infographic puts crude oil’s market size into perspective by comparing it to the 10 largest metal markets combined. To calculate market sizes, we used the latest price multiplied by global production in 2022, based on data from TradingEconomics and the United States Geological Survey (USGS).
Note: This analysis focuses on raw and physical materials, excluding derivative markets and alloy materials like steel.